MONITOR YOUR DRIVING STYLE
There are three main causes of tyre problems speeding and overloading.
Small changes in driving style can make a big difference to maintaining your
tyres and of course to your fuel consumption. Driving at speed, rapid acceleration
and fast cornering will create a greater build-up of heat within the tyre which in turn
can cause tyre damage. Also, emergency or harsh braking can sometimes leave your
tyres with premature tyre removal. It is always recommended to have your tyres checked
if the vehicle has been involved in an emergency manoeuvre like sudden and heavy braking.
MAINTAIN THE RIGHT TYRE PRESSURE
There are three main reasons why maintaining the right tyre pressure is important:
Safety: Tyres that are under-inflated can overheat and over-inflated tyres can lead to poor vehicle handling on the road
Economy: Over or under-inflated tyres suffer more damage than those with the correct pressure and need to be replaced more regularly. Vehicles with under-inflated tyres have increased rolling resistance which requires more fuel to maintain the same speed.
Environment: Correct tyre pressures help to maintain optimum fuel efficiency. This can equate to lower CO2 emissions from your vehicle
Efficiency: Watch the pressure. An under inflated tyre can reduce fuel efficiency by as much as 20%
CHECK FOR SIGNS OF TREAD WEAR
Nearly all tyres have a ‘tread wear indicator’ which is a ridge of rubber set at 1.6mm, in the base of the main grooves. When the surrounding tread wears down to this level, the tyre must be replaced. Typically, a brand new tyre will have a tread depth of 8mm. In wet conditions, road grip and braking efficiency progressively reduce with tyre wear. Stopping distances are longer, particularly as the tyre enters the second half of its life.
Irregular wear on a tyre is usually caused by a mechanical defect on the vehicle. Any significant difference in wear rate across the width of the thread, or around the tyres circumference, can mean worn or misaligned wheels/axles.
CHECK FOR TYRE DAMAGE
Check tyres regularly for visible signs of damage and foreign bodies such as stones, screws and nails, which can become embedded in the tyre. If left in the tyre, the object is likely to cause further damage, possibly rendering the tyre unfit for repair and in certain cases causing tyre failure. Other than uneven wear, the next most frequent cause of premature tyre replacement is damage caused by impacting a solid object, for example a kerb or pothole. The most common first visible symptom of such damage is a bulge on the tyre sidewall; this is a clear indication that the tyre’s internal structure has been damaged.
SPARE TYRES AND MOBILITY KITS
Often neglected is the ‘spare’ tyre. It is important to keep this correctly inflated as it cannot be anticipated when it will be needed. This means that it is vital to check your spare tyre as often as those in day-to-day use. You should also familiarise yourself with the location of the car jack, the spare tyre and the locking wheel nut tool before you need to use them in a real situation.
To find out more visit https://www.arval.co.uk/